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                                                  Most Falls Can Be Prevented


Fall Statistics

§  About one third of the elder population over the age of 65 falls each year, and the risk of falls increases proportionately with age.
  At 80 years, over half of seniors fall annually.

§  As alarming as they are, these documented statistics fall short of the actual number since 
  many incidents are unreported by seniors and unrecognized by family members or caregivers.

§  Frequent falling. Those who fall are two to three times more likely to fall again.

§  About half (53%) of the older adults who are discharged for fall-related hip fractures will experience another fall within six months.

        §  Falls are the leading cause of death due to injury among the elderly 87% of all fractures in the elderly are due to falls.

§  Falls account for 25% of all hospital admissions and 40% of all nursing home admissions. 40% of those admitted do not regain             independent living; 25% die within one year.

§  Many falls do not result in injuries, yet a large percentage of non-injured fallers (47%) cannot get up without assistance.

§  For the elderly who fall and are unable to get up on their own, the period of time spent immobile often affects their health outcome. Muscle cell breakdown starts to occur within 30-60 minutes of compression due to falling. Dehydration, pressure sores, hypothermia, and pneumonia are other complications that may result.

§  Getting help after an immobilizing fall improves the chance of survival by 80% and increases the likelihood of a return to independent ving.

§  Up to 40% of people who have a stroke have a serious fall within the next year.

What Happens After a Fall


                                                                                                          Assess your Fall Risk


           How can older adults prevent falls?                

                                                                Older adults can stay independent and reduce their chances of falling.


According to the CDC they can:

·         Exercise regularly. It is important that the exercises focus on increasing leg strength and improving balance, and that they get more challenging over time. Tai Chi programs are especially good.

·         Ask their doctor or pharmacist to review their medicines—both prescription and over-the counter—to identify medicines that may cause side effects or interactions such as dizziness or drowsiness.

·         Have their eyes checked by an eye doctor at least once a year and update their eyeglasses to maximize their vision. Consider getting a pair with single vision distance lenses for some activities such as walking outside.

·         Make their homes safer by reducing tripping hazards, adding grab bars inside and outside the tub or shower and next to the toilet, adding railings on both sides of stairways, and improving the lighting in their homes.

To lower their hip fracture risk, older adults can:

·         Get adequate calcium and vitamin D—from food and/or from supplements.

·         Do weight bearing exercise.

·         Get screened and, if needed, treated for osteoporosis.